How Long Do Cherry Blossoms Last in Washington D.C.?

Cherry blossoms in Washington, D.C., typically bloom in early spring, usually in late March or early April, depending on the weather conditions.

Once the cherry blossoms reach full bloom, they can last for about one to two weeks, although the exact duration can vary due to factors such as weather conditions (temperature, wind, and rain).

The peak bloom period is when about 70% of the blossoms are open, and this is the most visually stunning stage.

The cherry blossoms in Washington, D.C., primarily consist of Yoshino cherry trees (Prunus × yedoensis). These trees were a gift from Japan to the United States in 1912, symbolizing the friendship and positive relationship between the two countries.

In addition to Yoshino cherry trees, there are also other types of cherry trees in the area, including Kwanzan cherry trees, which have double-petaled pink blossoms.

Cherry Tree Varieties:

Various cherry tree varieties bloom at different times, and their blossoms can last for varying durations. Here are some common cherry tree varieties and a general idea of when they bloom:

Yoshino Cherry (Prunus × yedoensis):
Bloom Time: Typically in early spring.
Peak Bloom: Late March to early April.
Blossom Duration: Around one to two weeks.

Kwanzan Cherry (Prunus serrulata ‘Kwanzan’):
Bloom Time: Later than Yoshino cherries, usually in mid to late spring.
Peak Bloom: April to May.
Blossom Duration: Similar to Yoshino cherry, lasting about one to two weeks.

Weeping Cherry (Various varieties):
Bloom Time: Varies by species and cultivar, but typically in spring.
Peak Bloom: Timing varies.
Blossom Duration: Similar to other cherry varieties, lasting around one to two weeks.

Okame Cherry (Prunus x incamp ‘Okame’):
Bloom Time: Early spring.
Peak Bloom: Late March to early April.
Blossom Duration: About one to two weeks.

Stages of Bloom:

The blooming process of cherry blossoms goes through several distinct stages, each contributing to the overall beauty of the flowering trees. Here are the common stages of cherry blossom bloom:

Green Buds:

At the beginning of spring, cherry trees develop small, green buds. These buds contain the tightly closed flower clusters that will eventually open into blossoms.

Florets Visible:

As the buds develop, you may start to see the first signs of the individual florets within the buds. At this stage, the buds are still closed, but the shape of the blossoms becomes more apparent.


Before full bloom, the blossoms undergo a stage known as “pinking.” This is when the buds start to take on a pinkish hue as the petals begin to emerge. This stage is especially noticeable with varieties like the Yoshino cherry.

Cherry Blossoms at the Tidal Basin, Washington, D.C. in 2003

First Bloom (Kaika):

The first blossoms begin to open, and you’ll see the first flowers on the cherry trees. This stage is known as “kaika” in Japanese. The early blossoms often have a delicate, light color.

Full Bloom (Mankai):

Full bloom is the stage when the majority of the blossoms on the tree are open. This is the most visually spectacular stage, with the trees covered in a blanket of flowers. It’s also known as “mankai” in Japanese.

Post-Bloom (Sakura Fubuki):

After reaching full bloom, the cherry blossoms enter the post-bloom stage. The petals may start to fall, creating a picturesque scene resembling a “sakura fubuki” or cherry blossom blizzard, especially if there’s a breeze.

Petal Fall:

As the blossoms complete their flowering cycle, the petals fall from the trees, creating a carpet of petals on the ground. This stage marks the end of the cherry blossom display for the season.

Understanding these stages helps people plan their visits to catch the blossoms at their peak and witness the enchanting transformation of the cherry trees. The timing of each stage can vary based on factors like weather conditions and the specific type of cherry tree.

It’s important to note that the bloom time and duration can be influenced by factors such as climate, weather conditions, and geographic location. Additionally, within each variety, different cultivars may have variations in their blooming characteristics.

It’s essential to keep in mind that the exact timing of cherry blossom bloom can vary from year to year, so it’s advisable to check the official National Park Service updates or the Cherry Blossom Watch website for the most accurate and up-to-date information if you’re planning a visit.

“How Long Do the Cherry Blossoms Last?” Cherry Blossom Watch,
“Things to Know About the Cherry Blossoms in Washington, DC.” Washington D.C.,

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